UNESCO World Heritage in Thuringia
Culture. Nature. History. Tradition.
Places with special historical significance such as Wartburg Castle, the Bauhaus University or the Erfurt ensemble of synagoge, mikveh and Stone House. Natural landscapes worthy of protection such as the primeval forest in the Hainich. Valuable handicraft techniques or traditions such as blueprinting or playing skat. Thuringia is full of important natural and cultural treasures.
We show you where Luther translated part of the Bible. Where Goethe and Schiller wrote history. Where nature is wild and reclaiming its habitat. Where garden gnomes, beer or Christmas decorations are made by hand. Or where you can discover a treasure within a treasure.
Come with us on a journey through the World Heritage Land of Thuringia!
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Thuringia
Wartburg Castle, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999, is not only the most important castle in Germany but also a location with its own distinctive charm and dignity. Here are five reasons why everyone needs to visit Wartburg Castle at least once in their life...
What would the world look like without us? If there weren’t any people, just nature, completely untouched. Beech trees as far as the eye can see, the air filled with a fungal, earthy aroma. The Hainich region is one of the last remnants of the ancient woodland that once covered large swathes of central Europe. At around 130 square kilometres, it is Germany’s largest unbroken area of deciduous forest. Its southern section is a national park, which became part of the UNESCO World Heritage Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Ancient Beech Forests of Germany in 2011. Although at first glance its natural landscape might not seem quite as spectacular as chalk cliffs, coral reefs or canyons, it is nevertheless unique and provides a very special habitat for many rare species.
The historic city center of Erfurt holds numerous places worth seeing, where history was written, important personalities worked or neighborhoods that are characterized by their residents. During a stroll through the city, you will always find special treasures. One of these is the authentic Jewish medieval heritage of Erfurt, which is unparalleled. Finds that have rewritten the history of the city and which UNESCO also appreciates and protects. On September 17, 2023, the Old Synagogue, the Mikveh and the Stone House were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Weimar boasts a wealth of UNESCO World Heritage, with a total of 19 individual sites. The Classical Weimar ensemble comprises 16 locations, while ‘Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau’ includes three sites in Weimar. Weimar is steeped in culture; it offers encounters with literary history and celebrated intellectuals around every corner. The leading thinkers of the classical era were Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Martin Wieland and Gottfried Herder, but women such as the Duchess Anna Amalia and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna also had influential roles. We have brought some aspects of classical Weimar to life – featuring the people and stories associated with the individual locations.
More than 100 years ago, the most influential art school of the early 20th century opened its doors in Weimar. Its founder, Walter Gropius, couldn’t have known back then that the revolutionary ideas of the Bauhaus would go on to conquer the world, and would continue to influence the work of many architects and designers to this day. Although there are authentic Bauhaus locations all over Thuringia, Weimar should be at the top of your must-see list, as it has three Bauhaus sites that were awarded UNESCO World Heritage status in 1996.
Culture and Heritage
Very briefly sorted and explained
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
UNESCO Biosphere Reserves
UNESCO Memory of the World
Intangible Cultural Heritage